As in our previous Medical education article regarding Hypertension we have explained you about the Introduction and Various risk factors for developing Hypertension now we are going to explain you about various Sign and Symptoms, Treatment, and daily health fitness tips for controlling Hypertension. If you have not studied the previous article on “Introduction to Hypertension” Then you can CLICK HERE to read that Medical Education article.
SIGN & SYMPTOMS OF HYPERTENSION:
As before knowing that someone having hypertension, they do not show any sign and symptoms but here are some typical sign and symptoms which a hypertensive person may or may not show. These are as follows:
· On physical examination there is elevated BP level of more than 140/90 mm hg for two consecutive readings.
· Occasionally, retinal (eyes) changes that are haemorrhages, redness, exudates.
· Pathological changes in kidneys (increased level of creatinine in blood)
· Alteration in vision & speech
· Weakness, sudden fall
TREATMENT OF HYPERTENSION
When the BP is uncontrollable by changing the life style then "Adjuvant therapy" that is pharmacological therapy is started. Main classes are:
· Calcium channel blockers
· Angiotension converting enzyme inhibitor
Expertise Health Tips to Maintain Your BP:
The following flow-chart telling the various methods to control and maintain your BP.
As BP control is in our own hands, so here we are telling you various daily heath care tips by which you can control and maintain your BP as well as a good health.
§ Reduce your salt intake to an average not more than 5gm per day.
§ Taking high fibre diet, high potassium diet as mentioned earlier.
§ Moderate fat intake.
§ Avoidance of fatty & spicy food to maximum.
§ Controlling weight to normal BMI(16-24),BMI is calculated as weight in kg/height in square meter
§ Reducing weight by diet regulation & by regular exercises
§ Regular brisk walking
§ Regular physical activity that means to avoid sedentary life style
§ Regular morning & evening walk for atleast one hour
§ Stress reduction by keeping yourself tension free
§ Yoga & meditation
§ Avoidance of alcohol & smoking
§ Self determination to regulate BP & to modify the life style
§ Regular monitoring of BP
§ If afford then can buy a BP apparatus to have your regular BP check up at home
§ To maintain a record book of regular BP check ups
§ Regular follow-up with doctor & adherence to treatment regimens means regularly following the treatment
As hypertension is a life-long condition and if not treated at time can lead to many adverse effects such as heart attack so it is the individual self responsibility to have a control on it by changing his/her life style that means to have a control on diet, exercise, weight, smoking, alcohol and to follow the instructions given by physician. As one’s health is in his/her own hands so let’s not ruin it anymore be respectful to it and enjoy the healthy life as somebody says it correctly “HEALTH IS WEALTH.”