March 2, 2015

WHAT IS SWINE FLU - SWINE FLU PREVENTION & TREATMENT

WHAT IS SWIN FLU AND ITS TREAMENT
(DEATH THREATENING COMMUNICABLE VIRUS IN THE WHOLE WORLD. SAVE YOURSELF FROM IT BY KNOWING ABOUT IT )
Swine flu prevention is more important than treatment..

WHAT IS SWINE FLU?
swine flu prevention
Swine flu is a respiratory infection caused by the viruses named as influenza viruses and this virus infects the respiratory tract of the pigs and produces the same symptoms like the human influenza viruses such as sneezing, coughing, fever etc. transmission of the virus from pigs to humans is not common but the persons who are in a regular exposure to pigs are at a high risk to develop swine flu and it is called zoonotic swine flu. Actually there are three genera of influenza viruses that are influenza a, b and c. In pigs influenza is a common and the c is rare while influenza b is common in birds and the main thing is all of these three genera produces the flu in humans. Swine influenza is caused by influenza a subtypes that are H1N1, H1N2, H2N3, H3N1 & H3N2. These subtypes are reported at the different time periods.

VARIOUS SYMPTOMS OF SWINE FLU
The incubation period of swine flu virus is two to three days means the symptoms started to appear after two to three days after you got exposed to the virus. Swine Flu symptoms are as follow:

1. High grade fever

2. Sore throat

3. Body ache

4. Headache

5. Vomiting

6. Diarrhea

7. Runny nose

8. Chills

9. Fatigue

HOW IS SWINE FLU DIAGNOSED?
Before diagnosed we should know the history of this Swine Flu Virus. Below we discuss all the things related to the History of Swine flu and how it will be diagnosed.

History of Swine Flu: Swine flu is diagnosed by taking the history whether the person came in the contact of other person who is having the above symptoms and the person also develops the same symptoms.

Nasopharyngeal swab test: in this test the sample of your nose or throat secretions are collected by a sterile swab stick and then these secretions are diagnosed for the influenza virus. This test can be positive or negative if it is positive it can be positive for influenza subtypes A & B as we told you previously in this article. If it is positive for type B then the person is not having swine flu infection but if it is positive for the type A then the person is having swine flu.

PCR technology: this test is done by the specialised doctors in the specialised laboratories.  In this the swine flu is diagnosed by identifying the particular antigens that are surface proteins associated with the virus subtypes.
 
TREATMENT OF SWINE FLU
The treatment for swine flu is supportive. It consist of:
Bed rest
Isolation
Increased fluid consumption
Antipyretics (to decrease the body temperature)
Cough suppressants
Analgesics to relieve pain due to body ache, headache & fatigue

Swine flu is a viral infection so it is treated by the antiviral drugs. The main anti-viral drugs are oseltamivir(tamiflu) and zanamivir (relenza). Tamiflu is an oral drug while the zanamivir is given by inhalation. Tamiflu should be given within two days while a person develops symptoms to treat the flu symptoms. This medicine helps to prevent the fatal effects of swine flu.

Swine Flu Vaccine: One vaccine called the vaxigrip is also used to prevent the swine flu. Swin Flu Vaccine is easily available at various Medical Shops.

Ventilator support: some of the patients develop the severe effects of swine flu which are respiratory discomfort, pneumonia so they are put on ventilators which give the respiratory support to the patient.

Antibiotics: as patients develop the other infections (pneumonia) so the antibiotics are given to them to treat the infections.

In the Next Article we will Share the Various Health care tips to take care of yourself from wine Flu. We share various Prevention of Swine Flu Virus which can really very effective to save a life. So Stay in Touch with us.

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